Abstract 3744: Local Transplantation Of Blood-derived Late-outgrowth Progenitor Cells Increased Reendothelialization, Inhibited Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation And Reduced Neointima Formation After Experimental Carotid Injury
Introduction: Recent studies demonstrate the vasculoprotective effects of cell-based therapies to inhibit limit restenosis. Delivery of autologous late outgrowth endothelial progenitor cells (eEPC) result in early reendothelialization and inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia. Additional anti-inflammatory treatment may further reduce neointima generation.
Methods and Results: CD34+ cells were isolated using immunomagnetic beads and cultured in endothelial cell medium to obtain eEPC. Early passage cells were transduced ex vivo by a retroviral vector expression of IL-1ra (eEPC IL-1ra) or empty vector (eEPC pLXSN) and expanded up to 46 population doublings. Expression levels were confirmed by RT-PCR. Athymic nude rats underwent carotid balloon and wire injury immediately followed by local delivery of eEPCs, eEPC IL-1ra, eEPC pLXSN or buffer for 20 minutes (n=22). Elastica van Giesson staining revealed a decrease in the intima/media ratio from 1.53 ± 0.11 to 1.13 ± 0.09 (mean ± SEM) after transplantation of eEPC (p=0.009). However, no additional reduction in neointima generation was observed after transplantation of eEPC IL-1ra. Endothelial-cell specific staining demonstrated an enhancement of reendothelialisation by eEPCs 24 hours after vascular injury. After 2 weeks a reduction of Ki67+ proliferating cells from 37.0 ± 8.5 Ki67+ cells in the control group to 11.67 ± 2.85 Ki67+ cells after eEPC transplantation (P=0.03) was found. Yet, no additional anti-proliferative effects were observed after transplantation of eEPC IL-1ra. Thus, enhancement of reendothelialization through local delivery of eEPCs may be sufficient for the inhibition of neointima generation since additional anti-inflammatory treatment using eEPC IL-1ra had no beneficial effect.
Conclusion: Local delivery of blood-derived expanded endothelial progenitor cells after vascular injury contributes to endothelial regeneration, inhibits neointimal smooth muscle cell proliferation and reduces neointima generation. Autologous cell transplantation after vascular injury may be a feasible strategy for promotion of reendotheli-alisation and improvement of vascular regeneration.