Abstract 3563: Postconditioning Inhibits Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore Opening Independently of any Modification of the Oxidative Phosphorylation and of the Inner Membrane Potential at Reperfusion
Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) inhibition plays a crucial role in postconditioning (PostC). We sought to determine whether oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), which both modulate mPTP opening, are involved in the inhibition of mPTP opening in the postconditioned heart. Anesthetized rabbits underwent 30 minutes of ischemia followed by 10 minutes of reperfusion. At the onset of reperfusion, they received either no intervention (Control, C), 4 cycles of 1 min ischemia followed by 1 min reperfusion (PostC), or an IV injection of 5mg/kg of the powerful inhibitor of mPTP opening, i.e. cyclosporine A (CsA). Sham rabbits underwent no ischemic insult throughout the 40 minute experiment. At the end of the 10 minute reperfusion period, the myocardial area at risk was excised, and mitochondria were isolated by differential centrifugations. Calcium retention capacity, an index of mPTP inhibition (CRC: nmol Ca2+/mg prot) and ΔΨm (at state 4: % of FCCP-evoked maximum) were assessed by spectrofluorimetry in isolated subsarcolemmal (SSM) and interfibrillar (IFM) mitochondria. Oxidative phosphorylation (at states 3 and 4: nmol O2/min/mg) was assessed using a Clark-type electrode (RCR: state 3 / state 4). As expected, PostC and CsA treatments improved CRC when compared to the C group. Control, PostC and CsA mitochondria exhibited a comparable significant dissipation of ΔΨm, together with a comparable significant decrease of RCR in both SSM and IFM. In all three groups, this latter effect was related to a concomitant significant decrease in state 3 and to an increase in state 4 respiration. These data suggest that during the early minutes of reperfusion, postconditioning inhibits mPTP opening, independent of any specific modification of the oxidative phosphorylation or of ΔΨm.