Abstract 3412: Molecular and Cellular Characterization of Splice Site Mutations in MYBPC3-encoded Myosin Binding Protein C
Background: Mutations in MYBPC3-encoded myosin binding protein C underlie the most common genotype in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Compared to most HCM-associated mutations which are primarily missense mutations, MYBPC3-HCM is often caused by insertions, deletions, nonsense mutations or mutations involving the canonical splice site. However, the effects of most mutations that prematurely truncate MYBPC3 are unknown. Access to cardiac specific mRNA and tissue has permitted a molecular and cellular elucidation of the consequences of two splice site mutations.
Methods: Mutational analysis of MYBPC3 revealed 2 HCM-susceptibility mutations involving the splice donor sites of exons 7 and 30. Reverse transcription was performed on cDNA generated from RNA extracted from cardiac tissue obtained following surgical myectomy. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC) of the myofilaments were performed to further assess the impact of the splice-site mutations.
Results: Both splice donor mutations produced abnormal RNA splicing of MYBPC3. The c.821+1 g>a mutation in the splice donor site of exon 7 generated two alternatively-spliced mutant transcripts resulting in two frame-shifted, premature truncations (H257 fs/37 and H257 fs/15). The c.3330+2 t>g mutation in exon 30’s splice donor site produced a single alternatively-spliced mutant transcript that translated into a frame-shifted premature truncation (V1063 fs/37). Expression levels of wild type myosin binding protein C were decreased in the myectomy specimen from the patient with the exon 7 splice donor site mutation. By IHC, the spatial organization of myosin binding protein C was disrupted severely in both patients.
Conclusions: This study provides the first molecular and cellular characterization of HCM-causing mutations involving canonical splice-site motifs within the intron. Loss of function of the splice site resulted in exon skipping and generation of frame-shifted and prematurely truncated myosin binding protein C and disruption of the distribution and organization of myosin binding protein C in the heart tissue.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, AHA Midwest Affiliate (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota & Wisconsin).