Abstract 1828: Dyxin/Lmcd1 Mediates Cardiac Hypertrophy Both In Vitro And In Vivo
In order to identify new molecular mediators of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, we performed a genome wide mRNA microarray screen of biomechanically stretched neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCM). We found the novel sarcomeric LIM protein Dyxin/Lmcd1 being significantly upregulated (5.6x, p<0.001). Moreover, Dyxin was also significantly induced in several mouse models of myocardial hypertrophy including aortic banding, calcineurin overexpression and angiotensin stimulation, suggesting a potential role as a mediator of cardiac hypertrophy. To further test this hypothesis, we adenovirally overexpressed Dyxin in NRCM which potently induced cellular hypertrophy (150%, p<0.001) and the hypertrophic gene program (ANF, BNP). Consistent with an induction of calcineurin signalling, the calcineurin-responsive gene Rcan1– 4 (MCIP1.4) was found significantly upregulated (3.2x, p<0.001). Conversely, knockdown of Dyxin (−75% on protein level) via miRNA completely blunted the hypertrophic response to hypertrophic stimuli, including stretch and PE (both p<0.001). Furthermore, PE-mediated activation of calcineurin signaling (Upregulation of Rcan1– 4 by 7.3x, p<0.001) was completely blocked by knockdown of Dyxin. To confirm these results in vivo, we next generated transgenic mice with cardiac-restricted overexpression of Dyxin using the α-MHC promoter. Despite normal cardiac function as assessed by echocardiography, adult transgenic mice displayed significant cardiac hypertrophy in morphometrical analyses (3.9 vs. 3.5 mg/g LV/heart weight, n=8–11, p<0.05). This finding was supplemented by a robust induction of the hypertrophic gene program including ANF (3.7-fold, n=6, p=0.01) and α-skeletal actin (2.8-fold, n=6, p<0.05). Likewise, Rcan1– 4 was found upregulated (+112%, n=5, p<0.05), Taken together, we show that the novel sarcomeric z-disc protein Dyxin/Lmcd1 is significantly upregulated in several models of cardiac hypertrophy and potently induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, Lmcd1/Dyxin appears to signal through the calcineurin pathway.