Abstract 1756: Angiotensin II Induced End Organ Damage is Attenuated in Mice Lacking the Gene for TNF: A Mitochondrial Perspective
Recent findings from our lab and others suggest that the renin-angiotensin system and cytokine interaction contribute to the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. In this study, we determined the role played by tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in angiotensin II (ANGII) induced end organ damage at the mitochondrial level.
Method: Wild type (WT) and TNF knockout (TNF (−/−)) mice were implanted with osmotic minipumps containing ANG II (1 μg/kg/min) or saline for 14 days. Blood pressure was recorded using telemetry. At the end of the study, left ventricular (LV) function was measured using echocardiography. Mice were sacrificed and the LV was removed and mitochondria isolated for oxidative stress measurement using Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Structural integrity of mitochondria was assessed by electron microscopy (EM) and function by measuring mitochondrial redox status.
Results: (see table⇓) ANGII infusion in WT mice resulted in a significant increase in blood pressure and was accompanied by a decrease in fractional shortening. These animals also had increased levels of superoxide and ROS in the LV tissues. The mitochondrial integrity of the cardiomyocytes was damaged both in the isolated mitochondria and tissue as evidenced by EM studies. Mitochondrial superoxide and total ROS were increased and this was accompanied by a decrease in complex activity and reduced ATP production. In contrast, ANGII infusion in TNF (−/−) attenuated cardiac damage, mitochondrial oxidative stress and restored ATP production.
Conclusion: ANGII induced cardiac damage is mediated by TNF. These data also demonstrate that ANGII induced increase in TNF inhibits mitochondrial function by affecting electron transport chain activity and indirectly through an increase in oxygen free radicals thereby decreasing ATP synthesis and contributing to end organ damage in hypertension.