Abstract 1710: Pharmacologic Profile of SCH 530348, a Novel Oral Antiplatelet Agent Selective for the Protease-Activated Receptor-1 (PAR-1)
Antiplatelet agents are a cornerstone of therapy for atherothrombotic disease. However, despite the proven efficacy of agents targeting the thromboxane A2 (aspirin) and P2Y12 ADP (clopidogrel, prasugrel) platelet activation pathways, the residual risk for ischemic events remains considerable. Binding of thrombin to the platelet PAR-1 is an important platelet activation pathway not targeted by existing agents. Inhibition of PAR-1 may thus provide incremental clinical benefits over aspirin and ADP receptor antagonists. PAR-1 receptors expressed on endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, monocytes and neutrophils have been reported to mediate the pro-inflammatory and chemotactic responses to thrombin. In the present study, we report pharmacologic characterization of SCH 530348, a novel thrombin receptor antagonist (TRA) selective for PAR-1, using in vitro assays with human platelet membranes and cultured human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (HCASMC), and ex vivo platelet aggregation assays in cynomolgus monkeys. The affinity of SCH 530348 for the PAR-1 receptor was determined in human platelet membranes. Functional studies involving calcium transients, thymidine incorporation, and receptor kinetics were performed in HCASMC. The oral antiplatelet effects of SCH 530348 in cynomolgus monkeys were evaluated in ex vivo platelet aggregation assays. SCH 530348 exhibited high affinity for PAR-1 receptor. SCH 530348 potently inhibited thrombin-stimulated calcium transients and thymidine incorporation in HCASMC, and displayed slow dissociation from PAR-1 receptor. In cynomolgus monkeys, SCH 530348 administered orally at doses ranging from 0.1 mg/kg to 3 mg/kg, provided rapid, complete, and sustained inhibition of thrombin receptor agonist peptide (TRAP)-induced ex vivo platelet aggregation for 24 hours. Significant inhibition of TRAP-induced platelet aggregation was maintained at 48 hours after dosing of SCH 530348. SCH 530348 is a highly selective, potent, and orally active PAR-1 antagonist. Inhibition of PAR-1 by SCH 530348 may translate into beneficial clinical effects in patients with atherothrombotic disease, and this hypothesis is currently being evaluated in 2 large trials.