Abstract 1693: Effect of Pitavastatin on Serum Concentrations of Endothelial Lipase and High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Humans
[Purpose] Endothelial lipase (EL) is a novel phospholipase which regulates serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. In the present study, we have measured serum levels of EL in human subjects, and examined the effect of statins on serum HDL levels and EL mass.
[Methods and Results] A sandwich ELISA for human EL was established using two monoclonal antibodies against amino- or carboxy-terminus of human EL. Serum EL concentrations were measured and compared with the serum lipid profile in 237 patients with cardiovascular diseases. There was no significant correlation between serum EL mass and age or gender. Serum EL levels were negatively associated with serum HDL-C levels, but not with serum LDL-C, total cholesterol, or triglyceride levels. Forty-eight patients with hypercholesterolemia were treated with pitavastatin for 6 months, and serum EL mass was evaluated before and after the pitavastatin treatment. Pitavastatin treatment significantly reduced serum EL levels by 15% and increased HDL-C levels by 12%. Complimentary cell culture experiments revealed that pitavastatin suppressed basal and cytokine-induced EL expression and phospholipase activities in endothelial cells, which is reversed by the concomitant treatment with mevalonate or geranylgeranylpyrophosphate. Also, overexpression of RhoA T19N, a dominant negative mutant of RhoA, decreased the EL expression.
[Conclusion] EL is a determinant of serum HDL-C levels in humans. Pitavastatin reduced EL expression through the protein isoprenylation and inhibition of Rho activity, and raised serum HDL-C levels. Thus, EL would be a target molecule for the HDL-raising pharmaceutical interventions.