Abstract 1361: Leukocyte Antigen-Related Phosphatase Regulates Insulin Sensitivity by Interaction with Snapin
Several protein tyrosine phosphatases including leukocyte antigen-related (LAR) phosphatase have been implicated in insulin resistance, which is a risk factor for atherosclerosis. We showed previously that LAR negatively regulates insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) leading to increased proliferation and migration. Absence of LAR also enhanced neointima formation in response to arterial injury in mice. However, the role of LAR-modulated signaling in the development of insulin resistance has not been elucidated. Here, we investigated the function of LAR in regulating glucose uptake and insulin sensitivity. We identified snapin, a SNARE-associated protein involved in glucose transporter Glut4 vesicle fusion with plasma membrane, as a LAR-interacting protein using a yeast two-hybrid screen. IGF1-induced serine phosphorylation of snapin, its translocation to membrane and association with SNARE complex were enhanced in VSMC lacking LAR. Similarly, PI3K-PDK1-PKCζ signaling pathway was more active in LAR-/- cells after IGF1 treatment. This resulted in enhanced Glut4 activation, its membrane translocation and association with snapin. Glut4 membrane translocation and association with snapin after IGF1 treatment were impaired in snapin+/− VSMC. IGF1 treatment also increased serine phosphorylation of GSK3βin LAR−/− VSMC leading to increased activation of glycogen synthase. Consistent with this, enhanced glucose uptake was observed in LAR−/− VSMC compared to wild-type cells after IGF1 treatment. Basal and IGF1-induced glucose uptake were significantly lower in snapin+/− VSMC than in wild-type cells. Snapin+/− mice had higher levels of blood glucose, lower quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) and impaired response to insulin in insulin tolerance test (ITT) compared to wild-type mice. Decrease of QUICKI and impairment of IIT were more pronounced in snapin+/− mice fed a high-fat diet. In addition, Doppler ultrasonography indicated increased arterial stiffness in snapin+/− mice. Together, these data indicate that LAR negatively regulates snapin phosphorylation which in turn affects glucose uptake leading to the development of insulin resistance and vascular pathology.