Abstract P80: Short-term Outcomes of Vasopressin Administerd with Epinephrine versus Epinephrine Alone in ED for Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest
Introduction: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) victims are increasing, but emergency medical service system (EMSS) is not ready for them in Korea. A previous randomized, controlled clinical trial has suggested that vasopressin followed epinephrine was superior to epinephrine in patients with asystole. According to the Korean national registry of OOHCA, patients with asystole were more than two thirds of them. In Korean EMSS, no drugs are permitted to administer in the prehospital phase by law. Thereafter epinephrine or vasopressin cannot be administered until patients are transported to emergency departments (EDs). This study was to evaluate whether the combined administration of vasopressin and epinephrine in ED for OOHCA patients would increase the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and survival discharge.
Methods: From October 2007 to May 2008, we changed the CPR protocol in adult, nontraumatic OOHCA that 40 U of vasopressin was administered as soon as possible after the first dose of epinephrine (the after group). Cardiac arrest data were collected using the Utstein template. Data from January to September 2007, when vasopressin has not been used, were also collected for comparative analysis (the before group). These two groups were compared in terms of ROSC, and survival discharge
Results: There were 45 and 50 patients in the before and after groups, respectively. There was no significant differences in the initial ECG rhythm of asystole (67% vs 78%), witnessed arrest (73% vs 72%), bystander CPR (16% vs 10%), time from collapse to BLS time (6 min vs 8.5 min), and time from collapse to study drugs (23 min vs 26.5 min). The rate of sustained ROSC was similar between the before and after groups (53% vs 48%, P=0.604) as was the survival discharge (27% vs 14%, P=0.123).
Conclusions: Vasopressin with administerd with epinephrine does not increase the rate of ROSC nor the survival discharge.