Abstract 6238: Clarifying the Opportunities to Improve Survival After MI in Diabetic Patients
While diabetes is known to be associated with increased mortality after MI, whether these differences in outcome are due to patient characteristics, treatment, or other biological factors is unknown. We analyzed a contemporary cohort of MI survivors to comprehensively adjust for demographics, comorbidities, psychosocial, health status, clinical and treatment factors to determine if residual disparities in outcomes exist. We studied 2481 hospital survivors of MI in the prospective, 19-center PREMIER study (29% with diabetes). Multivariable models with sequential adjustment were employed to identify the extent to which variation in a wide range of patient characteristics (Figure⇓) accounted for differences in 3-year mortality in patients with and without diabetes. Unadjusted mortality was more than 2.5-fold greater for patients with diabetes (HR 2.55, 95% CI 2.08–3.14). Mortality was most attenuated by diabetes-related comorbidities (Figure⇓). The fully-adjusted model identified a significant, albeit attenuated, excess 3-year mortality among patients with diabetes (HR 1.57, 95% CI 1.22–1.99). Patients with diabetes experience a substantially increased risk for 3-year mortality after MI, even after accounting for a wide range of patient and treatment characteristics. This suggests that unmeasured, biologic variables associated with diabetes may mediate this difference. Further inquiry into the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiovascular disease is needed to identify new opportunities to improve the prognosis of patients with diabetes.