Abstract 3264: Remarkable Differences in calculating the Cardiovascular Risk according the Framingham-, Procam- and ESC Risk-Scores. First Results of the DETECT Study
The identification of high-risk patients is of utmost importance for an intensive and effective primary prevention program. Currently, three different scores are used to identify high-risk patients: In the USA, the Framingham risk score, in Germany the Procam risk score and in Europe the European Society of Cardiology ESC) recommended ESC risk score. There is, however, little knowledge how these three risk scores compare to each other in the same population. Therefore we calculated the individual risk of 7519 pats with no known cardiovascular disease according to these three scoring systems. In the DETECT study, 55 518 patients in 3188 primary care offices were enrolled. A representative subgroup of 7,519 randomly chosen patients participated in a cohort sub-study. According to the Framingham-Procam- and ESC-Score, the individual 10-year-risk was determined and patients were _ategorized into groups of high, medium or low risk. The mean 10-year cardiovascular risk is estimated by the PROCAM score at 4.4%, with the ESC score at 8.8% and with the Framingham-Score at 11.5%. The number of patients assigned to a group differs most for the high risk group (please see table⇓). Unexpectedly, major discrepancies were observed in the same pats, if the Framingham, Procam- or ESC score was used, especially in the identification of high-risk pats. Follow-up will show, which of these risk scores will best predict the actual occurrence of cardiovascular events.