Abstract 3175: Factors Associated with Longer Delays from Symptom Onset to Hospital Presentation in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction
Delayed contact with the medical system may lead to worse patient outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), particularly ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We examined the effect of previously unstudied aspects of patients’ characteristics on delays to presentation, including health status, depressive symptoms, and socioeconomic status. Within the Translational Research Investigating Underlying disparities in acute Myocardial infarction Patients’ Health status (TRIUMPH) study, we examined predictors of delays to hospital presentation in 1,476 patients with AMI from 26 sites using multivariable hierarchical ordinal models. Time from symptom onset to hospital presentation was categorized as ≤2 hours, >2 to 6 hours, and >6 hours. Time to hospital presentation was ≤2 hours in 540 (36.6%) patients, between 2– 6 hours in 354 (24.0%) patients, and >6 hours in 582 (39.4%) patients. Factors associated with longer delays to presentation included frequent angina (compared to no angina: daily angina, Odds Ratio [OR] of 3.48 [95% CI: 1.53–7.88]; weekly angina, 2.46 [1.64 –3.67]; and monthly angina, 1.26 [0.96 –1.64]; p for trend<.001), presentation during weekday work hours (8am to 5pm) (compared to weekend: weekday, 1.40 [1.06, 1.85]; weeknight, 1.15 [0.85,1.54]; p for trend = 0.05), cost barriers (1.39 [1.05 to 1.85]; p=0.02), and no healthcare insurance (1.56 [1.15–2.12]; p=0.005). In contrast, patients with STEMI (0.55 [0.43– 0.70]; p<.001), prior coronary revascularization (0.67 [0.48 – 0.92]; p=0.01) and prior AMI (0.68 [0.48 – 0.97]; p=0.03) were more likely to present earlier. No relationship was found for depression, educational level, social support, or marital status. More frequent angina, cost barriers, no healthcare insurance, and time of day are associated with longer delays to hospital presentation, while those with prior AMIs and coronary revascularization were more likely to present earlier. Efforts to reduce delays should address patient issues related to health status (like angina), cost burden, and healthcare access.