Abstract 3147: Uric Acid Independently Predicted Acute Coronary Syndrome in a Large Cohort of Ethnic Chinese
Few studies examine the association between serum uric acid (SUA) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to investigate the association between SUA and ACS in a prospective study of ethnic Chinese. Enrolled were 128569 adults ≥ 20 yrs from 4 MJ Health Checkup Clinics in Taiwan during 1994 –1996, excluding those with heart disease, stroke, renal disease and cancer disease. All physical examination, biochemical test and structured questionnaire were executed in standardized central labs. ACS was defined by main ICD-9 of 410 – 414 from claim data of National Health Insurance for hospitalization and from Death certification registry. Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) between levels of SUA and ACS events. A total of 2049 subjects (Men: 1239/Women: 810) developed ACS during the period from baseline to Dec.31.2002. Men had higher ACS incidence than women (2.84 vs. 1.61 per 1000 person-years [PY]; p < .0001). Independent risk factors of ACS unfolded from this study included age, male sex, waist circumference, body mass index, triglycerides, total-cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, uric acid, and current smoking. The crude incidences of ACS were 1.27, 2.06, 3.27 and 4.61 per 1000 PY in that order for four consecutive SUA groups (group1: <5.0 mg/dl; group 2: 5.0 – 6.9 mg/dl; group 3: 7.0 – 8.9 mg/dl; group 4: ≥9.0 mg/dl) (p-value for trend <.0001). Compared to group1, the multi-variate adjusted HRs (95% Confidence intervals) were 1.14 (0.92, 1.42) for group 2, 1.38 (1.10, 1.72) for group 3 and 1.38 (1.10, 1.72) for group 4 among men, and 1.03 (0.87, 1.22), 1.30 (1.05, 1.62) and 1.43 (0.99, 2.05) among women after adjusting for age, systolic/diastolic BP, body mass index, triglycerides, total cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, and occupation. One standard deviation increase in SUA corresponded to around 30% ACS risk increase in women (HR=1.33; 1.04 –1.70) and 60% in men (HR=1.59; 1.25–2.03). Baseline SUA level independently predicts the development of ACS and should be considered as a potential risk factor of ACS.