Abstract 1269 Physician Diagnosis of Overweight Predicts Weight Loss Attempts in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease and Central Obesity
Central obesity has been associated with adverse events in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). We undertook this study to evaluate predictors of overweight awareness, desire to lose weight and weight loss attempts in patients with CVD and central obesity. Association of physician-rendered diagnosis of overweight with weight loss attempts was also evaluated. Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 –2004 were used. CVD was defined as self-referred history of coronary artery disease or stroke. Central obesity was determined based on a waist circumference > 102 cm in men and > 88 cm in women. Motivational factors considered as determinant for behavioral change that were evaluated included: participants’ awareness of their overweight status; desire to lose weight; any weight loss attempts in last year. We examined demographic, anthropometric and clinical determinants of each stage of change using multivariate models. Of the 1484 participants with CVD that were identified in NHANES, 824 had central obesity (56%). 76% of centrally obese participants were aware of their overweight status and 79% were desirous of losing weight. Despite this awareness and desire, only 41% of centrally obese had attempted weight loss in the last year. Only 61% reported that they had been informed that they were overweight by physicians. On multivariate analysis, after adjusting for sociodemographic factors and body mass index, physician rendered diagnosis of overweight was a significant predictor of weight loss attempts (OR=2.5, 95% CI 1.3– 4.9, p= 0.006). Awareness of one’s overweight status strongly predicted desire to lose weight in multivariate models (OR=107.6, 95 % CI 42.9 –270.0, p<.0001) and desire to lose weight was linked to recent attempts to lose weight (OR 10.4, 95 % CI 2.8– 39.2, p= 0.0005), confirming that the Transtheoretical Model of behavioral change applies to the study population. In a nationally representative sample of participants with CVD and central obesity, physician-rendered diagnosis of overweight emerged as an important predictor of weight loss attempts. Efforts to promote weight loss should focus on interventions based on Transtheoretical Model of behavioral change.