Abstract 6192: Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair of Type B Aortic Dissection: Intermediate to Long-Term Results
The aim of this study is to assess mid- to long-term clinical results of the endovascular stent-graft repair in patients with type B aortic dissection. Retrospective analysis was done on 73 patients (average age: 55.6 ± 12.4) who underwent stent-graft repair at our center from June 1994 to December 2007. The indications of case selection were progression of dissection despite adequate medical treatment, dynamic obstruction, intractable pain, aortic diameter of 6cm or more, or continuous false lumen leakage in either acute or chronic presentation. Median follow-up duration was 43 months (5 ~ 97 months, 64.4 ± 38.8 months). There was an absence of immediate postprocedural mortality or paraplegia. Angiographic success, defined as immediate closure of entry site without any significant endoleak, was obtained in 67/73 (91.7%) patients. Clinical success, defined as the complete obliteration or complete thrombosis of the false lumen at follow-up, was achieved in 53/73 (72.6%) patients. 22/73 (30.1%) patients demonstrated complications such as persistent type I endoleak, false lumen flow patency at distal portion of stent-graft, and 5/73 (6.8%) patients such as type II endoleak. Among these endoleaks, 5 cases were progressed and 17 cases were remained unchanged. There were unintended left subclavian artery occlusion (1 case), transient acute renal failure (1 case), saccular aneurysm (5 cases) and stent-graft migration or torsion (2 cases) as complications. During medial follow-up 43 months, 4 patients (5.5%) were died. In conclusion, cIinical outcomes of stent-graft repair of type B aortic dissection were favorable and should be considered as a safe and effective treatment option of type B aortic dissection, particularly in patients with a high risk surgical mortality or mobility.