Abstract 6023: The Need for Blood Transfusion Is an Independent Predictor of Incident Cardiovascular Events and All-Cause Mortality among Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Periprocedural bleeding is one of the most frequent complications of percutaneours coronary interventions. We assessed the relation between blood transfusion and all-cause mortality or incident cardiovascular events (death, MI, stroke) among 6103 patients of the Evaluation of Oral Xemilofiban in Controlling Thrombotic Events (EXCITE)-trial. Subjects were followed for 7 months after enrollment for the occurrence of events. Multivariate Cox-regression analysis evaluated the independent association of blood transfusion with each outcome adjusted for age, gender, race, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, history of MI, PCI, CABG, heart failure, LVEF<30%, use of beta-blockers, statins, ACE-inhibitors, platelet inhibitors and allocation to treatment with xemolifiban. In addition, propensity score analyses were performed (ROC 0.80). Mean age was 59.2 years, 21.7% were female, and 18.9% had diabetes mellitus. Of the169 patients who received blood transfusion, 14 (8.3%) died and 42 (24.9%) experienced a CVD event. Of the 5934 patients without transfusion, 65 (1.1%) died (p-value: <0.001) and 555 (9,4%) experienced a CVD event (p-value: <0.001) In multivariate analysis, blood transfusion was associated with a 5.3 fold increased risk of mortality (HR 5.3; 95% CI 2.8 –10.2), and a 2.5 fold increased risk of incident CVD (HR 2.5; 95% CI 1.7–3.4.) Noteworthy, patients who were US citizens had a higher transfusion rate then non-US citizens (OR 1.45, 95%CI 1.02–2.06) The need of blood transfusion is a strong and independent predictor of all-cause mortality and incident CVD events among patients undergoing PCI.