Abstract 5932: The Differences of Echocardiography and MRI Findings in Patients with Constrictive Pericarditis According to the History of Chest Radiation
Background: Radiation therapy (RT) to the chest may induce various combined cardiac problems such as constrictive pericarditis (CP), restrictive myocardial disease, and coronary artery disease. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the MRI and transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) findings in patients with CP may differ according to the history of RT.
Methods: A total of 68 patients with CP who performed both TTE and MRI study at Mayo Clinic from 2002 to 2008 were reviewed and divided into two groups according to the history of RT; RT group (group I, n=13, 53.6±9.8 years, 8 males) versus no RT group (group II, n=55, 59.0±14.8, 45 males).
Results: The results of TTE study were summarized in table⇓. Early diastolic velocity of septal mitral annulus (E′) and deceleration time (DT) of mitral inflow was significantly lower, and the ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow velocity (E) to E′ is significantly higher in group I than in group II. Left atrial volume index (LAVI) was significantly lower and LA area and left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD) was significantly smaller in group I than in group II. Delayed enhancement of pericardium was the only significant finding in MRI and significantly prevalent in group I than in group II (100.0% in group I vs 63.6% in group II, p=0.012). The other MRI findings including pericardial thickness, left ventricular and right ventricular ejection fraction, and the presence of pericardial and pleural effusion were not different between the groups.
Conclusion: In CP patients with the history of RT compared to patients without history of RT, E′ and DT was significantly lower, LAVI and LVEDD were smaller, pericardial DE in MRI was invariably found. The lower E′ velocity and decreased chamber size and volumes may be explained by RT induced coexisting myocardial disease.