Abstract 5882: Myocardial Contractile Dysfunction in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction
Background Patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have diastolic dysfunction, but are traditionally considered to have normal left ventricular (LV) systolic function. However, ventricular remodeling can result in preservation of EF despite abnormal myocardial contractility.
Methods We performed echo-Doppler characterization of LV chamber and myocardial systolic properties in a population-based study, comparing patients with HFpEF (N=244) to healthy controls (CON, N=617), and hypertensives without HF (HTN, N=719), then examined long term outcome.
Results All subjects had a normal EF (>50%). However, systolic chamber function, measured by wall stress-corrected endocardial fractional shortening (sc-eFS), was impaired in HFpEF (96±12%) compared to both CON (100±8%, p<0.0001) and HTN (108±11%, p<0.0001). Myocardial contractility, assessed by wall stress-corrected midwall shortening (sc-mFS), was also reduced in HFpEF (91±13%) compared to CON (100±10%, p<0.0001) and HTN (105±12%, p<0.0001). HTN had increased sc-eFS and sc-mFS compared with both HFpEF and CON (p<0.0001). In HFpEF, impaired sc-mFS was associated with increased mortality, independent of age (Figure⇓), while EF and sc- eFS were not.
Conclusions Despite preservation of EF, unselected HFpEF patients from the community have significantly impaired systolic chamber function and depressed myocardial contractility. Abnormal myocardial contractility in HFpEF is associated with increased mortality. These data suggest that myocardial systolic dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of HFpEF and may represent a potential therapeutic target.