Abstract 92: Evaluation Of Knowledge And Practice Of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Of Children And Infants By An Out-of-hospital Emergency Care Team
Introduction The French emergency response system in life threatening situations is the deployment of fully equipped ambulances with paramedic, nurse and emergency physician. The 2005 ILCOR and ERC guidelines concerning cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have led to significant changes, especially in terms of basic life support (BLS). We aimed to review fundamental knowledge and practice by our personnel concerning CPR in children and infants to determine current training needs for our teams.
Materials and methods Paper questionnaires were filled out by our personnel and immediately collected. Inclusion criteria: physicians, nurses, and paramedics (refusals to fill out questionnaire were not included). We recorded: profile of personnel, knowledge of 2005 guidelines, basic CPR and advanced CPR parameters. Majors results were compared based on job title.
Results Sixty-one questionnaires were filled out (25 paramedics, 13 nurses, and 23 physicians). Personnel was mostly aged under 40 (70,5%, n=43), with over 2 years experience in prehospital emergency care(75,4%, n=46); 47,5% (n=\29) had no training in pediatrics; 68,9% (n=42) had BLS certification and 31,1% (n=19) reported regular participation in first aid training programs. A minority of subjects declared knowing the 2005 Guidelines (11,5%, n=7), even among physician (17,4%, n=4). Table 1⇓ shows major results about CPR parameters according to job title.
Conclusion This study emphasizes the lack of knowledge and the repeated changes witch require more frequent and more extensive training for entire personnel on the team, focusing on basic CPR for physicians and advanced CPR for paramedics and nurses.