Abstract 66: Effectiveness Of Cardiac-only CPR Training by Self-learning Video, a 1-hour program, or Both
[Introduction]Despite present efforts to train the general public in CPR, the proportion of bystander CPR is still low. Length of CPR training program and complexity of CPR skills may be barriers to bystander CPR performance. Recently, simple video self-learning has been shown to be an effective CPR training technique.
[Objective]To evaluate the effectiveness of cardiac-only CPR training program by a self-learning video, a 1-hour practical course, or both.
[Method]Designs: A randomized controlled trial. Participants: General public aged 18 years or older. Intervention: In the video (V) group, participants received the self-learning video before CPR training and then attended a 1-hour cardiac-only CPR training program; in the control (C) group participants attended the training program without a self-learning video. Data collection: Before and immediately after the training, a 2 minute scenario-based test was conducted and CPR skills were recorded. Outcomes: The primary outcome measure was the number of correct chest compressions immediately after the training. We also calculated the achievement of correct chest compressions, which meant the proportion of correct chest compressions in relation to the ideal number of chest compressions based on 2005 CPR guideline.
[Result]214 participants were randomly assigned to V (108) and C (106) groups. Before the training, the proportion of attempting chest compression, attempting AED operation, and calling for an AED, and the total number of chest compressions were significantly grater in the V group. After the training, all measured CPR skills of both groups improved substantially compared with pre-training skills, but there were no differences between groups (Table⇓).
[Conclusion]A self-learning video improved CPR skills. However, a 1-hour practical training course was substantially more effective and the addition of a self-learning video did not improve its effectiveness.