Abstract 3636: Ekg Left Ventricular Hypertrophy And Cardiovascular Events In Patients With Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Background: A large number of studies have demonstrated that LVH detected with standard electrocardiography is an independent predictor of future cardiovascular complications in various subsets of patients. Despite the fact that ECG represents the first cardiovascular test performed in diabetics, few data are available on the prognostic significance of EKG LVH in these patients.
Aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between EKG LVH and the risk of future cardiovascular events in a wide group of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM).
Methods A total of 1131 prospectively identified patients with type 1 (n=613, age 36 ± 13 years, 40 % women, BP 127 ± 16/79 ± 8 mmHg, total cholesterol 196 ± 43 mg/dl, HbA1C 7.81 ± 1.67%) and with type 2 DM (n=618, age 53 ± 11 years, 34 % women, BP 137 ± 18/82 ± 8 mmHg, total cholesterol 208 ± 41 mg/dl, HbA1C 7.97 ± 1.72%) were studied. At baseline all subjects underwent baseline clinical examination with blood pressure measurement according to current guidelines, standard laboratory examinations and a 12 leads electrocardiogram. LVH was defined as the presence of a “Sokolow-Lyon” voltage >38 mm and/or a “Cornell voltage QRS duration product” >2440 mm* msec. Treatment was not standardized.
Results LVH prevalence was 8.3 % in type 2 DM and 6.4 % in type 1 DM. Patients were followed for 63 ± 27 months (range 1–126). A first non fatal cardiovascular event occurred in 62 patients. Kaplan-Meyer analysis revealed a higher risk of cardiovascular events in patients with LVH both with type 1 and type 2 DM (Log Rank Mantel Cox p<0.01). In Cox analysis, controlling for age, gender, BMI, history of cardiovascular disease, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, total plasma cholesterol, HbA1c, albuminuria and antihypertensive treatment, the presence of LVH was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events in all patients (odds ratio 2.96, 95% CI 1.39 to 6.32, p<0.01) and separately in DM type 1 (odds ratio 5.71, 95% CI 1.29 to 25.17, p=0.02) and in type 2 DM (odds ratio 2.92, 95% CI 1.02 to 8.35, p=0.05).
Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that in patients with DM the detection of LVH by EKG is associated to an increased risk of cardiovascular events, independently of other risk factors and represent the first demonstration of the prognostic significance of EKG-LVH in patients with type 1 diabetes