Abstract 3634: Association of Weight Loss and Changes in Left Ventricular Geometry and Function - Results of the longitudinal population based MONICA/KORA-Survey
Background: Obesity is related to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. However it remains unclear if changes in life style resulting in loss of body weight also have beneficial effects on left ventricular remodeling. In this study we evaluated the effects of weight loss on left ventricular geometry and function during ten years of follow-up.
Methods: Subjects (n=1005, aged 25 to 74 years) who originated from a gender and age stratified random sample of German residents of the Augsburg area were examined by standardized echocardiography at baseline and again after ten years. The associations between weight loss and long-term changes of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), wall thickness (WT), left ventricular mass (LVM), and left atrial diameter (LA) were assessed. Mean relative changes and odds ratios were computed by statistical models adjusting for gender, age, body height, systolic blood pressure and body weight at baseline.
Results: After ten years of follow-up 305 individuals presented with a loss of body weight (−3.5+/−3.4kg on average). Whereas 700 subjects presented with an increase of body weight (+5.4+/−4.7kg). Ageing related changes in LV geometry were significantly different in the two groups. Specifically, individuals with weight loss displayed a favorable geometry with relative changes of WT (+5.9% [CI-95% 4.3, 7.5] vs. + 8.1% [7.0, 9.2], p=0.024), LVEDD (−0.6% [−1.5, 0.2] vs. 30.8% [0.2, 1.4], p=0.008), LVM (+6.5% [4.3, 8.8] vs. +11.9% [10.4, 13.5], p<0.001) and LA (−0.9% [−2.1, 0.2] vs. +2.5% [1.7, 3.3], p<0.001), as compared to individuals with weight gain. Moreover, the risk for incident left ventricular hypertrophy (OR 2.5 [1.5– 4.3], p=0.001) and incident diastolic dysfunction (OR 1.9 [1.1–3.4], p=0.023) was significantly higher in individuals presenting with an increase in body weight.
Conclusions: As compared to weight gain, weight loss is associated with a significant deceleration of left ventricular remodeling during ageing of the heart. Nevertheless, even in the weight loss group there was no regression in left ventricular mass detectable. Consequently, early interventions especially in young obese individuals are essential for prevention of premature onset of cardiac remodeling.