Abstract 3603: Extreme Lipoprotein(a) Levels Predict a 3–4 Fold Increase in Risk of Myocardial Infarction in the General Population
Background: Elevated lipoprotein(a) levels associate with increased risk of myocardial infarction in some, but not all studies. Limitations of previous studies include lack of risk estimates for extreme lipoprotein(a) levels, measurements in long-term frozen samples and no correction for regression dilution bias. We tested the hypothesis that extreme lipoprotein(a) levels predict myocardial infarction in the general population, measuring levels shortly after sampling and correcting for regression dilution bias.
Methods and Results: We examined 9330 men and women from the Danish general population, The Copenhagen City Heart Study. During 10 years follow-up, 498 participants developed myocardial infarction. In women, multifactorially adjusted hazard ratios for myocardial infarction for elevated lipoprotein(a) levels were 1.1(95% confidence interval 0.6 –1.9) for 5–29 mg/dL, 1.7(1.0 –3.1) for 30 – 84 mg/dL, 2.6(1.2–5.9) for 85–119 mg/dL (>90th percentile), and 3.6(1.7–7.7) for ≥120 mg/dL (>95th percentile) versus levels <5 mg/dL (figure⇓, p-values are test for trend of hazard ratios). Equivalent values in men were 1.5(0.9 –2.3), 1.6(1.0 –2.6), 2.6(1.2–5.5), and 3.7(1.7– 8.0).
Conclusions: We observed a stepwise increase in risk of myocardial infarction with increasing levels of lipoprotein(a) in both genders, with no evidence of a threshold effect. Extreme lipoprotein(a) levels predict a 3– 4 fold increase in risk of myocardial infarction in the general population.