Abstract 3588: Treatment of Diabetes and Outcome After Myocardial Infarction: A Community Study
BACKGROUND Epidemiological cohorts can assist with post-marketing surveillance as they provide community-based outcomes data. Concern was raised about the adverse impact of sulfonylureas (SU) drugs on the outcome of diabetes after myocardial infarction (MI). We evaluated the outcome of MI according to treatment among diabetic persons compared to non-diabetic counterparts in a community-based cohort.
METHODS All MIs that occurred in Olmsted County, MN between 1979 and 2002 were validated by standardized epidemiological including cardiac pain, biomarkers and ECG Minnesota coding. Diabetes mellitus (DM) was defined by the National Diabetes Data Group criteria.
RESULTS Among 2732 persons with MI (mean age 70 ± 12 years, 44% men), 486 (18%) had DM. Subjects with DM were treated with second generation SU (SU2) (24%), insulin (47%) or diet alone (22%) Diabetic subjects were more likely to be overweight, hyperlipidemic and to receive reperfusion therapy during hospitalization than non-diabetic subjects. One year after the MI, 518 subjects died. Diabetic subjects taking SU2 experienced better survival than subjects without diabetes, while subjects treated with diet alone or insulin experienced worse survival. (Figure⇓). After adjusting for age, sex, reperfusion and duration of DM, an excess risk of death was detected among persons with insulin-treated DM, particularly those with long-standing DM. No association was found for DM patients treated with SU2 or diet.
CONCLUSION These data do not support the concern for an adverse impact of SU2 on survival and underscore the potential role of community studies for population surveillance.