Abstract 3400: Regeneration of Human Infarcted Heart Muscle in Chronic Coronary Artery Disease after myocardial infarction: Controlled study with Intracoronary Autologous Mononuclear Bone Marrow Cell Transplantation (IACT-Study)
Introduction: Remodeling of the left ventricle (LV) after myocardial infarction (MI) represents a major cause of infarct-related heart failure and death. After acute myocardial infarction transplantation of bone marrow cells (BMCs) leads to regeneration of infarcted zones due to neovascularization and regeneration of myocardium. We investigated cardiac performance of intracoronary transplantation of autologous BMCs in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease, suffered from transmural myocardial infarction.
Methods: We treated 120 consecutive patients (51±14 years) with chronic myocardial infarction by intracoronary transplantation of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMCs) and compared them with a consecutive enrolled representative control group (n=45, 53±11 years). Bone marrow was harvested from the hip (~80 ml) and mononuclear cells were identified including CD34+, AC133+ and CD 34−, CD45−, CD14− cells. The median number of mononuclear cells harvested after overnight culture was 104 x 106
Results: After 3 months in the transplantation group, infarct size was reduced from (32±9 to 25±9%) significantly (p<0.001), and global left ventricular ejection fraction (45±9 to 51±10%) significantly (p<0.001); as well as infarction wall movement velocity (1.86 ± 0.72 to 3,12 ± 0.78cm/s) significantly (p<0.001), while in the control group no significant changes were observed during 3 months follow-up in infarct size (29±9 to 28±9%), in left ventricular ejection fraction (48±10 to 50±15%) and in wall movement velocity of infarcted area (1.81 ± 0.76 to 1.92 ± 0.78cm/s). After bone marrow cell transplantation, there was an significantly (p<0.05) improvement of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max, +12%) and significantly (p<0.05) of regional 18F-Fluor-Desoxy-Glucose (FDG) uptake (PET) into infarcted tissue (+15%).
Conclusions: These results demonstrate that selective intracoronary transplantation of autologous BMCs may reduce infarct size and improve LV function and myocardial glucose uptake in chronic ischemic heart disease after chronic infarcted myocardium.