Abstract 3340: Coronary Flow Velocity Pattern Immediately After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Predicts Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction
Background: Studies using the Doppler guidewire have shown that coronary flow velocity (CFV) pattern in recanalized infracted arteries predicts recovery of regional left ventricular (LV) function, in-hospital complications, and long-term cardiac events. However, the relationship between the CFV pattern after reperfusion and serial changes in LV volumes is not clear. We postulated that the quantitative CFV measurement immediately after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) might be associated with the LV remodeling. To test this hypothesis, we prospectively analyzed the LV remodeling according to CFV parameters measured by the Doppler guidewire in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Methods: Consecutive 211 patients with first-time anterior AMI underwent successful PCI (<50% residual stenosis with TIMI flow grade 2–3) and coronary flow measurement with the Doppler guidewire. The CFV spectrum provided the following parameters: time-averaged peak velocity (cm/s), systolic peak velocity (cm/s), and diastolic deceleration time (ms). Left ventriculograms obtained immediately after PCI and 6 months after the infarction were analyzed to measure the end-diastolic volume index and end-systolic volume index. The LV remodeling was defined as an increase in end-diastolic volume index ≥20%.
Result: The optimal cutoff values to predict LV remodeling (defined as 6-month LV dilation ≥20%) were 20 cm/s for time-averaged peak velocity, 0 cm/s for systolic peak velocity and 550 ms for diastolic deceleration time (sensitivity=0.63, specificity=0.56; sensitivity=0.76, specificity=0.85; and sensitivity=0.85, specificity=0.85, respectively). Systolic peak velocity and diastolic deceleration time correlated to the LV end-diastolic volume index obtained 6 months after AMI(r= −0.67; p<0.001 and r= −0.78; p<0.001, respectively).
Conclusions: The CFV pattern appears to be an accurate predictor of LV remodeling even in patients who received successful PCI in the left anterior descending coronary artery immediately after AMI. This index, therefore, identifies a subset of patients at-risk.