Abstract 3312: Cilostazol Improves Long-term Patency after Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Hemodialysis Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease
Background: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) has become common therapeutic standard for peripheral artery disease (PAD). Although initial success rate of PTA is high, higher restenosis rate is a limitation in hemidialysis (HD) patients. Cilostazol is a PDE3 inhibitor with anti-platelet and vasodilatory effects, and also inhibits the proliferation of the smooth muscle cells, and has been reported to reduce target lesion revascularization (TLR) in PAD patients. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of cilostazol administration for long-term patency after PTA in HD patients.
Methods: Consecutive 372 lesions of 193 HD patients undergoing successfully PTA were enrolled. They were divided into two groups; patients administered cilostazol (130 lesions of 71 patients) and those without cilostazol as a control (242 lesions of 122 patients). They were followed-up using Doppler ultrasound and/or angiography for 5 years. To minimize the selection bias for cilostazol administration, a propensity-matched analysis using the model including male, age, diabetes, critical limb ischemia (CLI), TASC C+D type, femoropopoliteal (FPA) lesion and stenting was performed. The propensity score was matched 1:1 with two-digit (AUC=0.69 using ROC analysis).
Results: Mean follow-up period was 28±24months. Primary patency rate for 5 years was significantly higher in the cilostazol group than in the control group (53% vs 33%, p = 0.0003). Also, rates for freedom from TLR and for limb salvage were higher in cilostazol group than in control group (67% vs. 50%, p=0.011 and 88% vs. 72%, p =0.031, respectively). In 102 lesions matched after propensity score analysis, the primary patency for 5-year was significantly higher in the cilostazol group (58%) than in the control group (35%) (HR 0.48, 95%CI 0.30 – 0.76, p = 0.0017). Upon multivariate Cox analysis, Cilostazol (HR 0.50, 95%CI 0.26 – 0.87, p = 0.014), age (HR 1.03, 95%CI 1.01–1.07, p = 0.041), FPA lesion (HR 2.62, 95%CI 1.22–5.62, p = 0.013), TASC C+D type (HR 2.85, 95%CI 1.56 –5.20, p = 0.0006) and CLI (HR 4.09, 95%CI 2.10 –7.94, p <0.0001) were independent predictors of restenosis after PTA.
Conclusion: These data suggest that cilostazol administration improves long-term patency after PTA in HD Patients with PAD.