Abstract 3269: Association of Aortic Regurgitation with Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in Hypertensive Patients with Left Ventricle Hypertrophy: The LIFE study
Background: Whether aortic regurgitation (AI) is associated with higher cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in hypertension with electrocardiographic (ECG) left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is unknown.
Methods: Hypertensive patients with ECG-LVH were randomized to losartan- or atenolol-based treatment and followed for 4.8 years in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. In the LIFE echo substudy, echocardiograms were used to detect AI. Baseline clinical, echocardiographic variables and cardiovascular endpoints data were used in current analyses.
Results: The presence of AI was detected in 132 participants (68 women; 68.4 ± 7.3 years). AI was associated with older age (p < 0.001) but not gender. After adjustment for age, AI was associated with significantly increased LV mass indexed by body surface area (BSA) and height 2.7 (both p < 0.005), echocardiographic eccentric LVH (p < 0.05) but not concentric left ventricular (LV) geometry (p < 0.05). After adjusting for significant confounders including history of CV disease, Framingham risk score, randomized antihypertensive therapy, LV eccentric geometry, LV mass indexed by BSA and height 2.7, multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that AI was independently associated with 2.83-fold more CV death (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12 to 7.13), 2.24-fold more all-cause mortality (95% CI 1.17 to 4.28) (both p < 0.05).
Conclusion: In hypertensive patients with ECG-LVH, AI independently identifies patients at increased risk of CV and all-course mortality.