Abstract 3175: Plasma Tansforming Growth Factor Beta as a Biochemical Marker to Predict the Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation After Surgical Maze
BACKGROUND Atrial remodeling leads to perpetuation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Structural remodeling in the form of fibrosis alters the substrate. The surgical Maze procedure was developed as a surgical treatment of AF. Our purpose was to evaluate the role of plasma NT-proBNP, hsCRP, TIMP-1(Tissue inhibitors of MetalloProteinase-1), TGF-β, MMP-3(Matrix MetalloProteinase-3), and pro-MMP-1in predicting the recurrence of AF after surgical Maze procedure. And we also evaluated the association of expression of CTGF, TGF-β, BNP, ANP, collagen-1α, and collagen-3α in LA with the recurrence of AF after surgical Maze procedure.
METHODS Preoperative plasma NT-proBNP, hsCRP, TIMP, TGF-β, MMP-3, and pro-MMP-1 levels were measured in consecutive 86 patients (age 54±12 yrs) who underwent the open heart operation for valvular heart disease and surgical Maze procedure for AF. Moreover, we performed molecular examinations of CTGF, TGF-β, BNP, ANP, Collagen-1α, Collagen-3α in the resected left atrial tissues. Symptomatic AF documented by ECG or an episode of AF revealed at follow-up holter monitoring were considered atrial fibrillation recurrences.
RESULTS At 1-year follow-up, 10 among 86 patients had persistence of AF. Patients with AF persistence had higher plasma TGF-β levels than the patients with sinus rhythm (0.44 ± 0.29 vs 0.32 ± 0.15 ng/ml) . Patients with AF persistence had higher messenger RNA expressions of Collagen-3α (0.21 ± 0.20 vs 0.12 ± 0.12, compared with internal standard GAPDH by RT-PCR) and lower messenger RNA expressions of ANP (0.31 ± 0.16 vs 0.60 ± 0.76, compared with internal standard GAPDH by RT-PCR ) in left atrial tissues. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that plasma TGF-β was independently associated with postoperative persistence of atrial fibrillation at 1 year follow-up after surgical Maze procedure.
CONCLUSIONS Advanced atrial degenerative change might result in a decrease of atrial ANP secretion. Cardiac fibrosis might be a determinant of myocardial heterogeneity and the persistence of AF. Plasma TGF-β could predict the persistence of AF at 1 year follow-up after surgical Maze procedure.