Abstract 3135: Impact Of PCI On The Clinical Burden Of Atherothrombotic Disease. An Analysis From The NHLBI Dynamic Registry
Introduction. The addition of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to the treatment options for patients with atherothrombotic (AT) coronary heart disease (CHD) has resulted in considerable debate regarding its overall clinical benefit. Although rates of “hard” clinical endpoints have been used as measures of both clinical outcome and disease burden, a comprehensive, clinically relevant measure of disease burden in the general population of patients undergoing PCI is lacking.
Hypothesis. A comprehensive measure of AT clinical burden in patients undergoing PCI can be used to detect the qualitative and quantitative impact of PCI over time.
Methods. Four distinct cohorts (Waves) of ~ 2,000 patients each participating in the NHLBI Dynamic Registry beginning in 1997 (Wave 1) and terminating in 2005 (Wave 4) and surviving to hospital discharge comprise the study population (n= 7,750). A composite clincally relevant measure of AT disease burden over the year following PCI was defined as: any death, myocardial infarction (MI), hospitalization for recurrent angina (A) or congestive heart failure (HF), stroke, any repeat PCI or coronary bypass surgery. Cumulative event rates, expressed as the presence of any of the above-cited components by one year, were calculated using Kaplan-Meier statistics. Comparison of rates across Waves was accomplished using Cochran- Mantel-Haenszel method.
Results. see Table⇓ Exclusion of patients requiring PCI for restenosis did not substantially change the overall AT burden.
Conclusion. There was a statistically significant decrease in AT disease burden over the time studied. However, the burden of disease in patients undergoing PCI remains substantial for 25% of patients. This measure of AT burden may be of clinical value in assessing the contribution of PCI to patient outcomes and strongly supports more comprehensive treatment strategies for patients following PCI.