Abstract 3093: Long Term Prognostic Value of Stress Perfusion CMR and Late Gadolinium Enhanced CMR for The Prediction of Major Adverse Cardiac Events.
Background: Combined stress myocardial perfusion (S-PERF) and late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) CMR allows for the detection of myocardial ischemia and infarction. However, prognostic values of S-PERF and LGE CMR have not been determined in a large number of patients. In this study we determined the prognostic significance of combined S-PERF and LGE CMR study.
Methods: We studied 826 patients who underwent both stress-rest perfusion CMR and LGE CMR. Stress-induced ischemia on S-PERF CMR and myocardial infarction on LGE CMR were qualitatively determined. Major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) was defined as cardiac death, non-fatal acute myocardial infarction, heart failure on admission. Patients who underwent revascularization within 2 month after CMR were excluded.
Results: During a median follow-up time of 34 months (range, 2 to 96 months), event-free survival rate was 89% in S-PERF(−)/LGE(−), 64% in S-PERF(−)/LGE(+), 49% in S-PERF(+)/LGE(−), and 38% in S-PERF(+)/LGE(+) group (P<0.001 between any combinations). Abnormality on S-PERT/LGE CMR was a significant negative prognostic factor of MACE with a high hazard ratio of 7.0 (95% CI 3.9–12.7, P<0.001). While LGE also predicted patients outcome, its hazard ratio (1.42, 95% CI 1.22–1.67, P<0.001) was lower than that by S-PERT/LGE CMR (FIgure 1⇓). Normal S-PERF/LGE CMR was associated with lower event rate per year (1.6%) as compared with that by normal LGE alone (4.3%, P<0.001).
Conclusions: Combined S-PERF and LGE CMR can provide improved prognostic value when compared with LGE CMR alone in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. Patients with normal S-PERF and LGE CMR were at low risk of adverse outcome.