Abstract 2941: Combined Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis and Myocardial Ischemia by Rest-Dipyridamole Stress Multidetector Computed Tomography
Introduction: MDCT coronary angiography has been evolving as a noninvasive method for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). More recently, It has been demonstrated that MDCT identifies reduced contrast enhancement in ischemic and/or scarred myocardial segments.
Objective: to determine the ability of rest-stress multidetector computed tomography (RS-MDCT) to detect myocardial ischemia and to assess the relationship between MDCT myocardial perfusion abnormalities and coronary artery stenosis.
Methods: Forty seven patients underwent stress/rest 99mTc sestamibi SPECT and RS-MDCT, using a 16-row detector scanner (Philips Brilliance-16). Myocardial segments were classified by SPECT as normal, ischemic or scarred. SPECT results were then compared with MDCT regional myocardial contrast enhancement. The results of MDCT coronary angiography were also analyzed in 20 patients who underwent invasive catheterization.
Results: The presence of a reduction in contrast enhancement at rest by MDCT identified scar by SPECT with 96% sensitivity and 98% specificity. A stress-induced reduction in contrast enhancement by MDCT identified ischemia by SPECT with 77% sensitivity and 99% specificity. The segment-based sensitivity and specificity for the detection of significant stenosis by MDCT were 92% and 98%, respectively.
Conclusion: Our results showed that a rest-dipyridamole stress MDCT protocol can identify the presence of myocardial ischemia as well as the severity of coronary artery stenosis in patients with suspected coronary artery disease.