Abstract 2793: Comparison of Midregional Pro-atrial Natriuretic Peptide, B-type Natriuretic Peptide, and Amino-terminal Pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: Influencing Factors, Detection of Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, and Prediction of Death
Background: Although natriuretic peptides are increasingly used for the management of chronic heart failure (CHF), there are sparse comparative data. Therefore, we compared the importance of influencing factors, the ability to detect left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and the prognostic power of midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and aminoterminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with chronic heart failure.
Methods and Results: MR-proANP, using a new assay directed at the midregion of aminoterminal-proANP, was compared with BNP and NT-proBNP, using conventional assays, in 797 patients with CHF. All three natriuretic peptides were independently influenced by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the presence of ankle edema. Area under receiver-operator characteristic curves for detection of an LVEF <40% were similar between MR-proANP (0.799 [0.753– 0.844]) and BNP (0.803 [0.757– 0.849]), and NT-proBNP (0.730 [0.681– 0.778]. During a median observation time of 68 months, 492 patients died. In multiple Cox regression analysis each natriuretic peptide was the strongest prognostic parameter among various clinical variables, but proportion of explained variation showed that NT-proANP was a significantly stronger predictor of death than NT-proBNP and BNP (Figure⇓).
Conclusions: Despite similarities in influencing factors and detection of reduced LVEF, MR-proANP outperformed BNP and NT-proBNP in the prediction of death. A new assay technology and the high biological stability of MR-proANP are potential explanations for these findings.