Abstract 2775: The effect of Plasma C-Reactive Protein on Neointimal Plaque Volume at 9 Month Follow-Up After Implantation of Sirolimus Eluting Stent (SES) and Paclitaxel-Eluting Stent (PES). Intravascular Ultrasound Study
Background: The aim of this study is to identify the association of hsCRP with neointimal plaque volume at 9 month follow-up IVUS after implantation of Sirolimus eluting stent (SES) and Paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES).
Methods: A total of 127 patients (M:F = 78:49, age 62 ± 8 years), who underwent the elective coronary stenting for a de-novo lesion were prospectively enrolled and randomized according to type of stents (64 SES, 63PES). Infarct-related lesions within 7 days were excluded. Among them, hsCRP was serially measured in 104 patients (50 SES and 54 PES) at baseline, 48 hr after and 9 month follow-up after coronary stenting. IVUS was simultaneously performed at initial, after coronary stenting and 9 month follow-up. Neointimal volume index (neotintimal volume/stent length) at 9 month follow-up was obtained using INDEC system.
Result: Baseline clinical, angiographic and IVUS parameters after stenting of both groups showed no significant differences. hsCRP was significantly increased at 48 hrs after coronary stenting but there was no significant difference between two groups (baseline: 2.9 ± 8.7 vs. 3.6 ± 7.6 mg/L, 48 hr: 10.7 ± 21.3 vs. 13.0 ± 15.3 mg/L, 9 month: 1.0 ± 1.6 vs. 1.2 ± 1.8 mg/L). At 9 month follow-up, SES showed a significantly lower neointimal volume index (0.22 ± 0.41 vs. 1.0 ± 0.9 mm2, p < 0.001) and lower tendency of in-stent restenosis [1 (2.2 %) vs. 6 (12.5 %), p = 0.111] than PES. Neointimal plaque volume at 9 month was significantly correlated with hsCRP at 48 hr (r= 0.426, p = 0.004) and increase of hsCRP between baseline and 48 hr (r = 0.512, p < 0.001). Also, higher increase of hsCRP between baseline and 48 hr (β = 0.469, p = 0.006) and PES (β = - 0.345, p = 0.024) were independently associated with increased neointimal volume index at 9 month follow-up after adjusting the clinical and angiographic parameters.
Conclcusion: Increase of hsCRP at 48 hr after coronary stenting was significantly associated with neointimal volume in drug eluting stent (DES) era. Thus, control of acute inflammation after implantation of DES, especially PES might be beneficial for reducing neointimal plaque volume.