Abstract 2750: Multi-detector Computed Tomography Is An Accurate Screening Imaging Modality For Detection Of Thrombus In Patients Undergoing Catheter Ablation Of Atrial Fibrillation
Introduction Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) is commonly used to identify pulmonary vein and left atrial anatomy prior to catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (CAAF). Additionally, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is utilized to exclude left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombus (ICT). Whether MDCT alone can be used to exclude thrombus obviating the need for TEE is unknown.
Methods All Pts referred for CAAF at Mayo Clinic between March 2004 and October 2006 were included. Clinical data (including CHADS score), 64 slice MDCT (non-ECG gated), TEE and intra-cardiac echocardiograph (ICE) were all performed and recorded. Image data was reviewed independently and blinded. The left atrial appendage (LAA) was defined as fully opacified or underfilled. An underfilled LAA was further interrogated using a region of interest over the filling defect and mean attenuation in Hounsfield Units (HU) were recorded.
Results In total 400 Pts (mean age 56 ± 10 yrs; 76% male; EF 56 ± 10 % ) were included. 362 had no ICT by TEE nor filling defect by MDCT. 38 patients had an underfilled LAA in whom ICT was confirmed by TEE in 7. Sensitivity and specificity of MDCT for ICT was 100% and 92% respectively with a NPV of 100%. In 19 Pts with underfilled LAA’s, a mean LAA emptying velocity was found to be significantly reduced at 26 cm/s (6 – 61 cm/s). Those with a thrombus had a mean attenuation value below 70 HU. CHADS2 score was higher (2.0 versus 1.0) in Pts with LAA filling defect versus those without LAA filling defect. All Pts with confirmed thrombus were taking Warfarin. ICT was not seen in any Pts aged <52 yrs with CHADS score ≤1.
Conclusions Sensitivity and specificity of MDCT for detection of LAA thrombus is high. LAA filling defects on MDCT correlate with low emptying velocities by TEE and low attenuation value in HU. These data would suggest that in the absence of MDCT filling defect, no further imaging is required. TEE should be utilized prior to CAAF to investigate MDCT filling defects.