Abstract 383: Heart-Kidney: Myocardial Infarction Mediates Renal Fibrosis and Activates Renal Molecular Remodeling in the Absence of Heart Failure
Background: Studies in human myocardial infarction (MI) suggest that even in the absence of heart failure (HF) alterations in renal function may occur and contribute to poor outcomes. After MI a decline in renal function may be seen acutely by mechanisms which are unclear. The long term consequences of MI upon renal function and structure remain poorly defined. We hypothesized that even without pre-existing renal disease, renal functional and structural changes would be present following MI.
Methods: Cardiorenal function and structure were assessed in Wistar rats, Sham (S; n=10) and MI groups (n=9) 3 weeks after MI. GFR was determined by inulin clearance. Blood was obtained for PRA and aldosterone. Hearts and kidneys were harvested for histological analysis. Cardiac function was assessed by echo. Genome-wide microarray analysis was performed on kidney cortex (KC) and medulla (KM) (Affymetrix GeneChip® Rat Genome 230 2.0).
Results: EF decreased after MI (S:62.8±2.3, MI:42.8±6.5 %, p<0.01) and LVEDd increased (p<0.005) PRA and aldosterone activation were absent. Blood pressure (BP) was not different between groups. There was no HF as sodium and water excretion was maintained. GFR tended to decrease (S:2.9±0.3, MI:2.4±0.2 ml/min, NS). Picrosirius Red staining for collagen in the KC and KM after MI showed greater fibrosis especially in the RM (KC S:1.1±0.2, MI:3.5±0.6 %, p<0.001 and KM S:1±0.2, MI:18.8±6 %, p<0.005). Microarray analysis revealed that 303 genes significantly changed in KM and 407 genes in the KC after MI (1.5 fold, P<0.05). Gene dysregulation was related to cell proliferation, metabolic processes and cell communication (Z value>2).
Conclusion: We conclude that experimental MI results in renal structural remodeling characterized by renal cortical and medullary fibrosis with a mild reduction in GFR and extensive modulation of molecular pathways related to renal growth and metabolism. This investigation provides evidence for a heart-kidney connection after MI by mechanisms which remain to be defined. We also conclude that therapies for MI targeting the heart also should be evaluated for properties of renoprotection.