Abstract 2638: Revisiting the Right Ventricular Hypertrophy Criteria by EKG Based on Cardiovascular MRI Analysis
Introduction: Multiple electrocardiographic (EKG) criteria exist for diagnosis of right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) but the optimum criterion is not known. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that categorization of RVH by cardiovascular MRI (CMR) will demonstrate the clinical utility of each known EKG criteria for RVH.
Methods: Patients (32, M=10, F=22) with varying degrees of chronic pulmonary hypertension had conventional 12 lead EKG and CMR performed simultaneously. Processing of 3D RV volumes and mass were performed on MASS plus software: 13 pts had RVH based on 3D RV mass index (RVMI) 2 SD above mean (27.5gm/m2, based on historical controls). The EKG was analyzed by an expert electrocardiographer blinded to the CMR data. Three criteria for RVH were assessed; 1) R/S ratio in V1>1 with R>0.5mV, 2) S in V5 or V6≥0.7mV and 3) QRS axis ≥+900. The EKG data were compared with CMR data utilizing ROC curves and stepwise linear regression modeling.
Results: The mean RVMI was 28.41±21.56. By CMR criteria, the R/S ratio in V1>1 with R>0.5mV showed sensitivity of 38%, specificity of 90%, when the threshold was increased to R>0.9mV the sensitivity decreased to 23%, but specificity improved to 100%. Similarly the QRS axis ≥ +900 showed sensitivity of 46% and specificity 80% when threshold was increased to ≥ +1100, the sensitivity was 31% and specificity 85%. S in V5 or V6≥0.7mV criteria for RVH showed sensitivity 38% and specificity 80%. Stepwise linear regression of the 3 EKG criteria showed that only S in V5 or V6≥0.7mV was predictive of RVMI (r=0.615, p<0.001). Since, similar EKG changes can occur in RV dilatation, we performed a secondary analysis: comparing the mean RV end diastolic volume index (RVEDVI) with the EKG criteria. This regression analysis for the3 EKG criteria was again only significant for S in V5 or V6≥0.7mV (r= 0.53, p < 0.01).
Conclusion: Significant trust is placed on the EKG diagnosis of RVH or RV dilatation based on the published criteria. Our data clearly demonstrate that when compared to CMR gold standard, all traditionally used EKG criteria for RVH lack sensitivity and that the EKG criteria of S in V5 or V6≥0.7mV is perhaps the most predictive for RVH.