Abstract 2598: Radiation Exposure, Procedure Time And Contrast Load In Patients Referred For Coronary Angiography: Head-to-head Comparison Of Dual Source Ct With Conventional Coronary Angiography.
Introduction and aim: Dual Source CT (DSCT) scanners, with an increased temporal resolution (83 ms), are becoming widely available. To evaluate the current potential of this scanner in the clinical arena, we performed a head-to-head comparison with conventional coronary angiography (CCA) taking into account the following parameters: radiation exposure, procedure time and contrast load.
Methods: During a one-year period (april 2006 to march 2007) we compared a consecutive patient group who underwent DSCT (318 patients, 222 male, mean age 68±11 years) and CCA (352 patients, 258 male, mean age 61±12) respectively. Patients with previous bypass surgery were excluded. In DSCT, the volume of iodinated contrast material was adapted to the scan time. A contrast bolus was injected in an antecubital vein at a flow rate of 5.0 ml/s followed by a saline chaser of 40 ml at 5.0 ml/s. Each tube provided 412 mAs/rot (maximum), and full X-ray tube current was given during 25–70% of the RR-interval. Exposure data were collected using the x-ray dosimetrical reports from DSCT and CCA.
Results: The mean procedure time using DSCT and CCA was 16.1±4.7 min and 44.1±25.5 min (p<0.001), respectively. The mean contrast load in DSCT and CCA was 77.9±7.6 ml and 175.3±4.3ml (p<0.001), respectively. The overall radiation exposure for DSCT and CCA was calculated as 15.3±4.0 mSv and 5.7±4.3 mSv, respectively. Radiation exposure with DSCT was significantly lower (p<0.001) in patients with a heart rate of >70 bpm (12.9±3.1 mSv ) as compared with patients with heart rates <70 bpm (16.4±3.8 mSv).
Conclusion: In today’s practice currently available DSCT scanners perform favorably as compared with CCA, considering procedure time and patient contrast load. Radiation exposure with DSCT remains higher but should not be considered a major disadvantage taking into account the relatively old age group that generally undergoes coronary angiography and the major benefit of not being exposed to the risks of an invasive procedure.