Abstract 2544: Pulmonary Venous Anatomy Predicts Recurrent Arrhythmia after Pulmonary Vein Antrum Isolation for Atrial Fibrillation
Background: Pulmonary Vein Antrum Isolation (PVAI) is being used with increasing frequency for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) can be used to evaluate the complex anatomy of the left atrium and pulmonary veins to facilitate PVAI. We hypothesized that pulmonary vein anatomy, as determined by MDCT, would predict recurrent atrial fibrillation after PVAI.
Methods: We evaluated consecutive patients scheduled for PVAI who underwent a CT examination of the pulmonary veins on a Philips Brilliance 64 or Siemens Sensation-64 slice MDCT scanner < 3 months prior to a PVAI procedure. The number and ostial area of all pulmonary veins, indexed to body surface area, were determined by 2 independent blinded observers. Transtelephonic monitoring was performed for the first 3– 6 months after the PVAI procedure. Patients were followed at 3, 6, and 12 months with a 12-lead EKG and 48-hour Holter monitor.
Results: A total of 113 patients (mean age 58±10 years; 73% male) were enrolled and followed for 12 months. A total of 445 pulmonary vein ostia were analyzed; 26% of patients had left sided pulmonary veins with a shared common ostium. The remaining patients had 2 separate left sided pulmonary veins. At the end of the 12-month follow-up, patients with two left sided pulmonary veins had a significantly increased risk of recurrent arrhythmia (34.3%) after PVAI than patients with a common left pulmonary vein (7.7%; p=0.009; OR 4.45). There was no relationship between the number of right sided pulmonary veins or total pulmonary vein ostial size and recurrent arrhythmia (582 cm2/m2 in patients with recurrence vs 505 cm2/m2 without recurrence (P= 0.14).
Conclusion: In patients undergoing PVAI for atrial fibrillation, the presence of two left sided pulmonary veins, as determined by MDCT, is associated with an increased risk of recurrent arrhythmia at 12 months compared with patients who have a single common left pulmonary vein.