Abstract 2488: Correlation Between The Severity Of Diastolic Dysfunction And Cardiac Torsion
Backgrounds: Left ventricular torsion (LVtor) is an integral part of systole and untwisting plays an important role in diastole. The aim of this study was to characterize LVtor and untwisting in different grades of diastolic dysfunction.
Methods: We studied 135 patients with normal LV EF with various grades of diastolic dysfunction (40 group1:mild,42 group 2:moderate,and 22 group 3:severe dysfunction) and 31 controls with normal diastolic function. Apical and basal short axis rotations were measured by 2D STE. LVtor was defined as net difference between apical and basal rotation.
Results: Age, gender, and EF were similar in 3 groups and control. Mitral annulus early diastolic velocity was reduced in all 3 groups (see table⇓). Peak LVtor was significantly greater in group 1 compared with control, group 2 and group 3. The time from peak LVtor to Mitral valve opening, and to peak early diastolic velocity were significantly delayed in group 1 compared to control (p=0.0030 and 0.0409, respectively). The twisting rate and untwisting rate were found to be highest in group 1.
Conclusions: Systolic torsion and diastolic untwisting are significantly increased in patients with mild diastolic dysfunction. In patients with advanced diastolic dysfunction with increased filling pressure, torsion and untwisting are normalized. Hence, vigorous LV torsion appears to be a compensatory mechanism during an early stage of diastolic dysfunction to maintain normal filling in the setting of reduced longitudinal myocardial motion.