Abstract 2284: Non-invasively Determined Ventricular Elastance as a predictor of cardiovascular mortality in Patients With acute myocardial infarction and Preserved ejection fraction: Data from Infarction Prognosis Study (IPS) registry
Background: Previous studies of the prognosis of myocardial infarction (MI) have focused primarily on patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. Little is known about the prognosis of patients with MI and preserved ejection fraction (EF), which is increasing. Since the ratio of mitral inflow (E) and annular velocity (E′) to stroke volume (E/E′/SV) has been reported as an index of diastolic elastance (Ed), we hypothesized that Ed has prognostic implication in patients with acute MI and preserved EF.
Method: Between May 2005 and January 2007, a total of 421 patients with acute MI were prospectively enrolled in Infarction Prognosis Study (IPS) registry. Among 358 patients who had comprehensive echocardiographic study, 42 patients with significant valvular heart disease or coexisted cardiomyopathy and 50 patients with decreased EF (<40%) were excluded. This left a total of 266 patients, who constituted the study population. The primary end-point was cardiovascular mortality.
Results: Median follow-up duration was 12 months. Of 266 patients, cardiovascular death occurred in 11 (4.1%) patients. Age (p< 0.001), LA volume index (p=0.001), the severity of diastolic dysfunction (grade ≥ 2, p=0.04), Ed (p=0.003) were univariate predictors of cardiovascular mortality. However, in multivariate Cox regression analysis, age (p=0.008, HR; 1.14, 95% CI; 1.03–1.25) and Ed (p=0.009, HR; 1.72, 95% CI; 1.14 –2.58) were found to be independent predictors for cardiovascular mortality in patients with acute MI and preserved EF. Cut-off value of Ed for cardiovascular mortality determined by Kaplan-Meier method (p<0.001 by log-rank test) and ROC curve (AUC 0.87, sensitivity 90%, specificity 74%) was 0.25.
Conclusion: Non-invasively determined ventricular diastolic elastance is a novel and powerful independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in patients with acute MI and preserved EF.