Abstract 2247: Feasibility of Long Ventricular Transmural Linear Lesions Created with a New Novel Saline-Injection Needle Catheter: Utility for Ablating Scar Related VT
Introduction: Unstable scar related ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a common problem after myocardial infarction. Aggressive ablation may be limited, however, by incomplete scar penetration with available RF energy delivery technologies. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of full thickness linear ablation of infarcted ventricular substrate with a high penetration virtual electrode needle based electrode system.
Methods: Chronic infarcted (> 2months) mongrel dogs (35–40 kg) underwent percutaneous catheter ablation of the LV with a saline-injection needle catheter employing an 8 mm 20-GA tip. Constant power at 40W was delivered for 90 sec via the virtual electrode needle during infusion of saline 10 ml/h at 50°C. The lines were created under electroanatomic map guidance and intracardiac ultrasound (ICE). The ejection fraction was monitored immediately before and after the ablation. One week after ablation, the dogs where restudied using CARTO epicardial and endocardial voltage mapping and hemodynamic testing.
Results: The ablation lines created by a virtual electrode energy delivery made in the antero-lateral wall showed mean length of 4.4±1.4 cm. The mean area of ablation per lesion in the endocardium, mid myocardium and epicardium was 1.1±1.0, 2.6±1.3 and 1.9±1.3 cm2 (p<0.05) respectively, with a mean ablation depth of 1.5±0.5 cm. Sixty-four percent of the length of lesions were transmural and in non-transmural areas had an average depth of 90±16% of wall thickness. The mean number of gaps/line was 0.5±0.7 with a length of 0.6 cm. Ejection fraction was 50±14, 52±17 and 52±13% before, after and 1 week post ablation respectively. At one week the epicardial and endocardial areas of low bipolar voltage < 1.5mV and dense scar < 0.5mV in the Carto map were 11.4±1.2 and 7.9±6.1cm2 respectively which measurements were confirmed at necropsy by macroscopic scar in the epicardium and endocardium of 11.8±4.3 and 6.6±4.1 cm2 respectively.
Conclusion: This new novel saline-injection needle catheter effectively creates continuous long transmural lines in the infarcted LV. These data also confirm that the macroscopic ablation lesions can be consistently and accurately monitored by 3D electroanatomical mapping in both endocardium and epicardium.