Abstract 2228: Schoolchildren As Ambassadors Of CPR - A Model For Mass Training Of Lay Rescuers?
Background: Norwegian 7th graders were trained in CPR by using a 30 minutes DVD and an inflatable resuscitation manikin (MiniAnne, Laerdal Medical, Norway). Afterwards they were instructed to take the manikin and DVD home in order to train as many family members and friends as possible during the following week. The aim of the study was to document the number of lay rescuers who were trained by this model, and to document the CPR skills.
Methods: The overall CPR performance was assessed for three groups of 50 subjects: 7th graders before training (group 1), 7th graders after training (group 2) and parents trained by their children (group 3). We used skillmeter-technology (Laerdal Medical, Norway) combined with video recordings for documentation. CPR Skill Score was provided based on an adjusted Cardiff test. Results are presented as mean±SD. P values (Students t) less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: Approximately 62000 7th graders were trained; witch is 99% of the 7th graders in Norway. In addition 118000 parents and family members were trained, representing a total of approximately four percent of the Norwegian population. Table 1⇓ shows compression and CPR performance. The parents did not ventilate the manikin according to Guidelines with 38% of the ventilations being over 1000 ml and 34% not managing to ventilate at all. The recently trained 7th graders performed significantly (p<0.05) better with 64% of the ventilations between 400–1000 ml. Eighteen percent of the parents reported they had not watched the DVD following the manikin.
Conclusion: The 7th graders were performing significantly better CPR after training with MiniAnne and watching the DVD. They were able at some extent to train their parents CPR, but more effort is necessary to improve their performance.