Abstract 2113: Early End-organ Alterations Due To High Blood Pressure In Children
Introduction: Increased left ventricular (LV) mass is known to be an important risk for future cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Since high blood pressure can be observed more often in early childhood a study was designed to evaluate the influence of blood pressure (BP) on LV mass and function in children.
Methods: 2-D-guided-echocardiography and Doppler-echocardiography were performed in 103 children (aged 14.1±0.9 years, 58 girls). BP, LV-mass-index (LVMI) and diastolic function (E/A ratio) were measured and calculated by standardized formula and procedure.
Results: Systolic BP (SBP) was significantly higher in boys (124.8±10.6 mmHg) when compared with girls (120.5±8.4 mmHg) (p<0.01). There were no significant differences in diastolic pressure. LVMI was significantly lower in girls (57.6±8.9 g/m2) than in boys (68.3±11.2 g/m2) (p<0.01). There was a negative correlation between SBP and E/A ratio as a measure of LV diastolic function (p<0.01). Hypertensives had a 17% higher LVMI (78±11g/m2 versus 67±11g/m2; p<0.05), and a 20% lower E/A ratio (1.58±0.3 versus 1.97±0.42) than their normotensive counterparts (p<0.01).
Conclusion: Despite the young age of participants with higher blood pressure they had prognostically adverse preclinical cardiovascular disease, including LV hypertrophy and evidence of impaired LV function. Therefore children should be encouraged to enter preventive programs as a primary and early strategy against future cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.