Abstract 1966: Comparison of Right Ventricular Strain and Strain Rate in Patients with Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy, Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Tachycardia, and Matched Controls
Background: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is characterized by fibro-fatty replacement of RV myocardium leading to ventricular tachycardia and sudden death in otherwise healthy individuals. Diagnosis is challenging as there are no diagnostic tests with adequate accuracy. Current diagnosis of ARVC is made by the task force criteria. One of the main diagnostic dilemmas continues to be distinguishing ARVC from a relatively benign entity of right ventricular out flow tract tachycardia (RVOT VT). Assessment of myocardial strain and strain rate has been used to study patients with ischemic heart disease and has shown utility in identifying subtle myocardial dysfunction not detected by routine wall motion assessment. The goal of this study was to compare myocardial strain and strain rates in patients with ARVC, RVOT VT and matched controls.
Methods: We prospectively enrolled 12 patients with ARVC (based on task force criteria), 10 with RVOT VT, and 22 age and gender matched controls. Echo studies (including tissue Doppler derived myocardial strain echocardiography) were performed with commercially available systems (GE, Vivid 7). Peak systolic RV myocardial strain and strain rate were measured at base, mid, and apical RV free wall and compared.
Results: ARVC patients had significantly lower peak systolic RV strain compared to both RVOT VT patients and matched controls (Table⇓). There was also significantly lower peak systolic strain rate at the apical RV myocardium in patients with ARVC compared to both those with RVOT VT (p=0.02) and controls (p=0.01).
Conclusions: Patients with ARVC have abnormally low RV systolic strain and strain rates when compared to matched controls as well as those with RVOT VT. This modality can be routinely used in assessing patients suspected of ARVC as it might assist in earlier diagnosis as well as help in distinguishing patients with ARVC from those with RVOT VT.