Abstract 1957: The Carboxyterminal Telopeptide of Procollagen type I and Procollagen type III Aminoterminal Peptide (PIIINP) are Strong Predictors of Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in the Elderly; The Cardiovascular Health Study
Background: The fibrillar myocardial extracellular matrix is mainly composed of type I and III fibrillar collagen and their turnover are reflected in the serum level of carboxyl-terminal propeptide type I (PIP) and procollagen type III aminoterminal peptide (PIIINP). The prognostic value of these biomarkers in elderly individuals with heart failure (HF) or other cardiovascular disease (CVD) and in healthy subjects is largely unknown.
Aim: To determine the predictive value of PIP, its degradation metabolite, carboxyterminal telopeptide of procollagen type I (CTIP), and PIIINP serum level for the incident CV morbidity and mortality in a nested case control study of community-dwelling elderly individuals enrolled in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS).
Methods: In 880 participants (ppts) enrolled in the CHS (mean age 77 ± 6 yrs, 52 % males, 79 % white), 310 with HF, 287 controls (no HF but other CVD) and 283 healthy ppts, serum levels of PIIINP, PIP and CTIP were measured by radioimmunoassay. The number of incident CV disease and death were recorded. Wilcoxon rank sum test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Cox proportional hazards regression were used as appropriate.
Results: Age, gender and race and fully adjusted analyses are presented in the table⇓:
In this large elderly cohort, there is a strong association between CTIP, PIIINP and incident CVD and death.
Elevated CTIP level increases the risk of death more than 50% and of symptomatic PVD by almost two-fold.
Whereas PIIINP has a lower predictive power than CTIP, PIP was not associated with incident CVD or death.
Serum CTIP and PIIINP have a good prognostic value for both incident CVD and death in elderly individuals with or without known CV disease.