Abstract 1772: Electrocardiographic Unrecognized Myocardial Infarction Risk Stratification: Quantitated SPECT Infarct Size Predicts Mortality Independent of Clinical and Exercise Test Variables
Background: Unrecognized myocardial infarction (UMI), as diagnosed by surveillance electrocardiography (ECG), has the same poor prognosis as recognized (RMI), independent of ejection fraction or ischemia. The value of post UMI risk stratification by infarct size is unknown.
Methods: The study group consisted of 5430 patients who underwent 2 day stress (exercise n = 191, pharmacologic n = 155) and rest Tc-99m sestamibi SPECT studies. UMI was diagnosed if ECG showed Q wave MI in the absence of history of MI. SPECT infarct size was quantitated based on a 60% of peak counts threshold method and was expressed as a percentage of the left ventricle (% LV). The association between infarct size and mortality was adjusted for clinical and exercise test prognostic scoring systems.
Results: The population consisted of 346 UMI, 628 RMI, and 4456 patients without MI (No MI). Compared to No MI, mortality risk was increased in UMI (RR 1.7, 95% CI 1.6–1.9; p < 0.001) and RMI (RR 1.6, 95% CI 1.4–1.9; p < 0.001) patients. In the UMI group, infarct size was significantly associated with mortality (p < 0.001), which persisted after adjustment for Mayo prognostic score alone (available in all patients) (p < 0.001) and for Mayo prognostic score, Framingham risk score, and Duke treadmill score (data available in 137 patients) (p < 0.001). For every 10% LV increase in infarct size, mortality risk increased 30% (RR = 1.3, 95% CI 1.2–1.5) (see figure⇓).
Conclusions: In patients with UMI, larger quantitated SPECT infarct size predicts increased mortality independent of clinical and exercise test prognostic scoring systems. This finding supports the use of infarct size imaging for risk stratification of UMI patients.