Abstract 1738: Lone Atrial Fibrillation: Long-Term Clinical and Echocardiographic Follow-up from the Canadian Registry of Atrial Fibrillation
Background: The natural history of lone atrial fibrillation (AF) is unclear with conflicting data in the literature. We aimed to better describe the clinical outcomes and echocardiographic changes associated with lone AF.
Methods: The Canadian Registry of Atrial Fibrillation (CARAF) enrolled 803 non-surgical and non-flutter patients with new onset AF between 1990 and 1996. At enrollment, patients were classified as lone AF (LAF) or not lone AF (Not LAF) based on structural heart disease or hyperthyroidism. Clinical data was prospectively collected with follow-up at 3 months, 1 year, then annually; echocardiograms were performed at enrollment and years 2, 4, and 7.
Results: The LAF group (n=212) had a median age of 57 (1st quartile 44, 3rd quartile 67) while the Not LAF group (n=591) had a median age of 67 (59, 73), p<0.0001. During the median follow-up of 8 years in the LAF group and 7 years in the Not LAF group, there was a significant difference in survival free from stroke or embolism favoring the LAF group (Figure⇓). At 8 years, the probability of remaining free of chronic AF was 78.8% vs 69.3% (p=0.02) and free of symptomatic or documented recurrence of AF was 40.1% vs 26.9% (p<0.01) in the LAF vs Not LAF group. The LAF group had smaller LV diastolic and systolic dimensions by 5.5% and 10.2%, respectively, vs the Not LAF group (p<0.0001). The LV mass was smaller at baseline by 21.1% (p<0.0001) vs the Not LAF group, but increased at a greater rate (4.0% vs 0.9%/2 years, p<0.0001).
Conclusions: Lone AF, compared to non-lone AF, is associated with a lower rate of death, stroke or embolism, recurrence and progression to chronic AF. Interestingly, LV mass increased significantly only in the Lone AF group.