Abstract 276: Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction Modulates Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction
Endothelium removed Bovine pulmonary arteries (BPA) contract to hypoxia through a mechanism potentially involving lowering of superoxide-derived hydrogen peroxide and removing its basal relaxing effect. Induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in BPA by 24 hr organ culture with 0.1mM cobalt chloride was accompanied by a decrease in 5μM lucigenin-detectable superoxide and an increase in horseradish peroxidase-luminol detectable peroxide levels. Force development to 20mM KCl in BPA was not affected by HO-1, but hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) was significantly reduced. Organ culture with a HO-1 inhibitor (10μM chromium mesoporphyrin) reversed the effects of HO-1 on HPV and peroxide. Pretreatment of BPA with a copper chelator 10mM diethyldithiocarbamate (DETCA) to inactivate Cu,Zn-SOD, prevented the conversion of superoxide to peroxide, and attenuated HPV. DETCA treatment increased superoxide and decreased peroxide to similar levels in control and HO-1 induced BPA. Peroxide scavenging with 0.1mM ebselen increased force development to 20mM KCl and partially reversed the decrease in HPV seen on induction of HO-1. Thus HO-1 induction in BPA causes an increase in superoxide scavenging by Cu,Zn-SOD resulting in increased levels of peroxide, leading to an attenuation of HPV. The generation of superoxide in BPA is not affected by HO-1 induction as DETCA treated control and HO-1 BPA show similar levels of superoxide. Thus, HO-1 induction appears to attenuate HPV in BPA by increasing the conversion of superoxide to peroxide, leading to peroxide levels which may not be adequately lowered by hypoxia.