Abstract 1634: Validation of 64-Slice Multi-Detector Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography Against Invasive Hemodynamic Measurements of Fractional Flow Reserve in the Detection of Non-Flow-Limiting Coronary Stenoses
Introduction. Multi-detector CT coronary angiography (CorCTA) has been introduced for coronary artery disease (CAD) detection and been validated against invasive angiography (XRA) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). However, the diagnostic accuracy of CorCTA-derived area stenosis (%AS), diameter stenosis (%DS), minimal lumen area (MLA) and minimal lumen diameter (MLD) have not been previously validated against fractional flow reserve (FFR).
Methods. Twenty consecutive patients enrolled in a study of non-obstructive CAD underwent CorCTA and invasive FFR measurements within 2 weeks. Patients without prior CAD with visual intermediate stenoses (40–70%) by either XRA or CorCTA were eligible. CorCTA was performed on a 64-slice scanner. %AS, %DS, MLA and MLD were measured quantitatively with commercial software (SurePlaque; Vital Images). FFR was determined by averaging 3 independent measurements after intracoronary injection of adenosine. Statistical analysis was done using Analyse-It software.
Results. CorCTA-derived values (mean±SD) in the group were as follows: %AS=43.8±21.3%, %DS=58.9±21.4%, MLA=3.9±3.0mm2, MLD=1.4±0.8mm, FFR=0.89±0.09. Two patients had flow-limiting stenoses by FFR. Table⇓ shows the area under the curve (AUC), optimal cutpoint, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV for the parameters to predict non-flow-limiting FFR. All parameters performed well in predicting non-flow-limiting FFR as expressed by the AUC; these were highly significant. Values below stenosis cutpoints (%AS<60%, %DS<77%) and MLA>3.0 mm2, MLD>0.89 mm reliably excluded flow-limiting stenoses. Cutpoints were higher for %DS vs %AS (77% vs. 60%).
Conclusions. To our knowledge, this is the first study to compare CorCTA to FFR. %AS, %DS, MLA and MLD performed very well in excluding hemodynamically significant stenoses. While%DS and MLD by CorCTA tend to overestimate the significance of stenosis, %AS and MLA correlate well to similar values derived from IVUS.